info@nn-source.com  
  +49 2161 99 0 99 43  

Liquefied Natural Gas // LNG

Liquefied Natural Gas is a form of natural gas that has been cooled to a low temperature, around -162 Celsius, at which point it becomes a liquid.

  • Delivery: Worldwide
  • Quantity: From 10 000 Mt
  • Original: Qatar, UAE, Russia, Kazakhstan
  • Timeliness: Currents
  • Preis: By Request
  • Type: All Sorts

LNG - Liquefied Natural Gas

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is a form of natural gas that has been cooled to a very low temperature, around -162 degrees Celsius (-260 degrees Fahrenheit), at which point it becomes a liquid. The liquefaction process reduces the volume of natural gas by approximately 600 times, making it more efficient to transport and store.

LNG is primarily composed of methane, the main component of natural gas, but it may also contain small amounts of other hydrocarbons such as ethane, propane, and butane. Before it can be liquefied, impurities such as water, carbon dioxide, and sulfur compounds are removed to prevent freezing or corrosion during the liquefaction process.

The production of LNG involves several stages. First, the natural gas is extracted from underground reservoirs through drilling. It is then processed to remove impurities and excess hydrocarbons, leaving behind mainly methane. The gas is then transported to a liquefaction plant, where it is cooled to its liquid state using a refrigeration process. The LNG is stored in specially designed tanks at the liquefaction plant or loaded onto LNG carriers for transportation.

LNG offers several advantages over compressed natural gas (CNG) or traditional pipeline transportation. Its significantly reduced volume allows for more efficient transportation over long distances, especially when natural gas needs to be transported across oceans to reach markets that are not connected by pipelines. LNG is also less volatile and safer to handle compared to compressed gas, as it is not pressurized.

LNG has a wide range of applications. It is commonly used as a fuel for electricity generation, heating, and cooking. It is also used as a feedstock in various industrial processes, such as producing chemicals and fertilizers. In recent years, LNG has gained attention as a cleaner alternative to other fossil fuels, as it emits fewer greenhouse gases and pollutants when burned compared to coal or oil.

The global LNG industry has experienced significant growth in recent years, with major producers including Qatar, Australia, and the United States. LNG terminals and regasification facilities have been constructed in many countries to receive and convert LNG back into its gaseous state for distribution through pipeline networks.

Delivery and Storage of LNG

The delivery and storage of LNG involve specialized infrastructure and processes to ensure its safe transport and efficient storage. 

Here are some key aspects of LNG delivery and storage:

LNG Carriers: LNG is typically transported over long distances using specialized ships called LNG carriers or tankers. These vessels are designed with insulated tanks that can store LNG at extremely low temperatures. The carriers are also equipped with containment systems to prevent leaks or spills.

LNG Terminals: LNG terminals serve as the gateway for receiving and distributing LNG. There are two main types of terminals: import terminals, where LNG is received from exporting countries, and export terminals, where LNG is loaded onto carriers for transport to importing countries.

Unloading and Storage: At an import terminal, LNG carriers are unloaded by transferring the LNG from the ship's tanks to storage tanks on land. The LNG is pumped ashore through cryogenic pipelines, and it is carefully monitored to maintain its low temperature. Storage tanks at the terminal are typically double-walled and heavily insulated to maintain the LNG in its liquid state.

Regasification: LNG is stored in its liquid form until it is ready for use. When needed, the LNG is sent to regasification facilities, where it is warmed and converted back into its gaseous state. The regasified natural gas is then distributed through pipeline networks for various applications, such as power generation or industrial use.

Onshore Storage: In addition to storage at LNG terminals, LNG can be stored in onshore tanks located closer to the end-users. These tanks are similar to those used at terminals and are designed to maintain the low temperature necessary to keep the LNG in its liquid form.

LNG Virtual Pipelines: In regions where pipeline infrastructure is limited or uneconomical, LNG can be transported using trucks or ISO containers. This method, known as LNG virtual pipelines, allows for the delivery of LNG to areas that are not connected to traditional natural gas pipelines.

Safety is of paramount importance in the delivery and storage of LNG. Stringent safety measures are in place to prevent leaks, spills, and accidents. These include extensive monitoring systems, safety training, and adherence to international regulations and standards.

It's worth noting that the process of delivering and storing LNG requires significant investment in infrastructure, including specialized ships, terminals, pipelines, and storage tanks. These costs are a consideration in the overall economics of LNG projects.

Transportation

  • Pipline
  • Track
  • Tanker
  • Railway

Numbers / LNG

  • Country of Origin: Qatar, UAE, Kazakhstan or Russia
  • Incoterms 2010, Incoterms 2020
  • Supplier: Northern Source LLC
  • Product Quality: International
  • Contract: 1, 3, 5, 10 years
  • Transportation: Tanker
  • Quantity: 10 000 Mt
  • Delivery: CIF, DAP

Conditions / LNG 

  • Deliveries according to the procedure discussed in the contract.
  • The contract value will be discussed with the buyer during the conclusion of the contract.
  • Terms of delivery and discount will be discussed with the buyer or his representative. 

Our Offer 

We offer the following services to our customers:

  1. Experience in the field of procurement of LNG - Liquefied Natural Gas
  2. Knowledge in the procurement and storage of LNG - Liquefied Natural Gas
  3. Competent services in procurement and processing of LNG - Liquefied Natural Gas

For more information regarding our LNG products, please contact us we will be glad to help You.